ICDS – ICDS

Aims to advance the transatlantic community’s strategic thinking on the security challenges facing the Baltic-Nordic region, from armed or cyber attacks to threats against social cohesion and energy security.

Photo:Robert Reisman

Publications

NORDEFCO: "Love in a Cold Climate"?

Nordic Defence Cooperation, or NORDEFCO, is a comprehensive framework of political and military cooperation, through which the five Nordic countries, Denmark, Finland, Iceland, Norway and Sweden, seek to enhance their operational capabilities and further strengthen national and regional stability and security. In short, as stated in the 2009 Memorandum of Understanding on which it is based, “the aim and purpose of NORDEFCO is to strengthen the participating nations’ national defense, explore common synergies and facilitate efficient common solutions.”

Since its inception in 2009, this cooperation has advanced steadily and purposefully and resulted in, among other things, concrete plans for common education and training, schedules for combined and joint exercises, and purchases of interoperable equipment and materiel, which in some cases have even produced considerable savings on operations and equipment maintenance costs.

This paper provides a review of what has been done under the auspices of NORDEFCO. It attempts to answer the questions of how NORDEFCO has evolved, what kinds of activities it includes today, and what it could morph into in the future. Furthermore, the paper takes a close look at the extent to which NORDEFCO has been open to outsiders, specifically to the Baltic countries Estonia, Latvia and Lithuania. Finally, it recommends areas in which Nordic-Baltic defense cooperation could be further enhanced.

Download full analysis: NORDEFCO: "Love in a Cold Climate"?

Blog

Finland’s NATO Membership: An Opportunity Disappearing Beyond the Horizon?

Each year, toward the end of November, excitement begins to build up among the Finnish foreign and defense policy cognoscenti, as the results of an...

The Train of EU Defence Cooperation Moves on - End Station TBA

With much fanfare, 23 EU member states have now formally announced their commitment to ‘permanent structured cooperation’ (PESCO) in the field of...

Poland and Ukraine: a Strategic Argument

The rapid cooling of relations between Ukraine and Poland is not a bolt from the blue—in fact, they have occasionally been problematic before.

Events

Disinformation Resilience Index: The Baltic States

On 7 December, International Centre for Defence, EAST Research Center and Security Centre for East European Policy Studies presented the study on the...

ICDS Research Fellow Piret Pernik teaching at the Cyber Security course

On 6 December 2017 Piret Pernik gave a presentation “Cyberspace as a domain of operations” at the Programme on Cyber Security Studies (PCSS) in the...
ICDS – ICDS
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